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Six Similarities and Differences between Bitcoin and Ethereum

Adam Jakobsen
April 27, 2023
3 min

This article will highlight some similarities and differences between Bitcoin and Ethereum. Although most crypto enthusiasts know the difference by now, there are always newcomers in this space who might need help understanding how these giants differ from one another. Bitcoin and Ethereum are the world's two most popular and valuable cryptocurrencies. At the time of writing, their dominance represents almost 2/3rds of the entire market of all cryptocurrencies, with Bitcoins sharing twice as significant as Ethereum’s. While they share some similarities, they differ substantially in technology and use cases.


Decentralized: Bitcoin and Ethereum are decentralized, meaning they operate on a peer-to-peer network without a central authority or intermediary.

Blockchain technology: Both cryptocurrencies use blockchain technology to maintain a public ledger of transactions. The blockchain records every transaction and maintains the integrity of the network. 

Cryptographic protocols: Bitcoin and Ethereum use cryptographic protocols to secure the network and ensure that transactions are valid and authentic.

Digital currencies: Both cryptocurrencies are digital currencies, meaning they exist solely in a digital form and can be used to buy goods and services.

Limited supply: Bitcoin and Ethereum have a limited supply, with Bitcoin having a maximum supply hard cap of 21 million coins and Ethereum having no hard limit but a maximum limit of 18 million new Ethereum per year.6: (Addition): Regarding name recognition and reach, no other cryptocurrency comes close to Bitcoin or Ethereum. As the two most valuable cryptocurrencies, they get vastly more exposure than the others, and their respective communities are also growing faster.


Technology: Both cryptocurrencies use blockchain technology but have different underlying protocols. Bitcoin uses a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus algorithm, which requires miners to solve complex mathematical problems to validate transactions and earn newly minted coins. Ethereum, on the other hand, uses a proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus algorithm, which allows validators to validate transactions based on the amount of cryptocurrency they hold and pledge to the network.

Use cases: Bitcoin is primarily used as a store of value and a means of exchange, whereas Ethereum is used as a platform for decentralized applications (dApps) and smart contracts. While Bitcoin is often used for financial transactions, Ethereum is used for various applications, such as voting systems, supply chain management, and identity verification.

Community: The communities around Bitcoin and Ethereum are also different. The Bitcoin community is focused on financial privacy, autonomy, and cutting out the middle man. In contrast, the Ethereum community is more focused on creating a decentralized, open-source platform for developers to build applications.

Transaction speed: Ethereum is generally faster than Bitcoin regarding transaction speed. Ethereum can handle up to 15 transactions per second, while Bitcoin can only handle up to 5. However, Ethereum's faster speed comes at the cost of higher fees.

Programming language: Ethereum uses a Turing-complete programming language, meaning developers can write any program on the Ethereum network. On the other hand, Bitcoin uses a limited scripting language primarily used for simple transactions.

Creator: Their respective creators stand in stark contrast. Despite claims from multiple persons, Bitcoin was created by Satoshi Nakamoto, a pseudonym for a single person or group that no one knows who is. Ethereum, on the other hand, was created by Vitalik Butarin, a very public figure with origins in Canada and Russia.

In conclusion, Bitcoin and Ethereum are both valuable cryptocurrencies with unique features and use cases. While they share similarities, their technology, use cases, and communities differ fundamentally. As the cryptocurrency space continues to evolve, Bitcoin and Ethereum will play essential roles as adoption for the two keeps increasing.

If you're interested in investing in Ethereum and Bitcoin, be sure to check out our website's markets at ETH for Ethereum and BTC for Bitcoin. There, you'll be able to buy and sell Ethereum and Bitcoin easily and securely.

This text is intended to inform and is not an investment recommendation.

Adam Jakobsen
April 27, 2023
3 min
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