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Bitcoin Trading: A Comprehensive Guide

Eva Liberg
February 27, 2023
6 min

Bitcoin trading has become an increasingly popular way for individuals and institutions to invest in the cryptocurrency market. Trading Bitcoin involves buying and selling digital currency to make a profit. In this article, we will cover the different ways people trade Bitcoin, including peer-to-peer, exchanges, and over-the-counter trading.

Peer-to-Peer Trading

Peer-to-peer trading of Bitcoin is a process by which two individuals directly exchange Bitcoin without the need for an exchange or intermediary. Here's a brief overview of how a typical peer-to-peer Bitcoin trade works:

Finding a counterparty: The first step is to find a counterparty willing to buy or sell Bitcoin at an agreed-upon price. This can be done through online marketplaces, Bitcoin forums, or social media platforms.

Negotiating the trade: Once a counterparty is found, both parties negotiate the terms of the trade, including the amount of Bitcoin to be traded, the price, and any other conditions such as payment method and delivery timeframe.

Escrow: To ensure that both parties fulfill their end of the trade, an escrow service may be used. This involves a trusted third party holding the Bitcoin in escrow until the trade is completed successfully.

Payment: Once the terms of the trade have been agreed upon or the escrow is in place, the buyer sends payment to the seller using the agreed-upon payment method. This can be done through bank transfer or cash deposit.

Release of Bitcoin: After the seller confirms receipt of payment, the Bitcoin is released from escrow if the such service has been used and sent to the buyer's Bitcoin wallet. The trade is now complete.

It's important to note that peer-to-peer trading of Bitcoin carries some risks, such as fraud or theft. It's essential to exercise caution and due diligence when engaging in peer-to-peer Bitcoin trades and to use reputable marketplaces or escrow services to mitigate these risks.

Cryptocurrency Exchanges

Cryptocurrency exchanges such as NBX are online platforms that allow users to buy and sell Bitcoin using different fiat currencies. Exchanges are intermediaries between buyers and sellers, matching orders and facilitating transactions. They typically charge a fee for each transaction. Here's a brief overview of how a typical Bitcoin trade on a cryptocurrency exchange works:

Account creation: The first step is to create an account on a cryptocurrency exchange that supports Bitcoin trading. This usually involves providing personal information and verifying your identity. 

Deposit funds: Once your account is set up, you must deposit funds into the exchange. This can be done using supported fiat currencies on the chosen exchange. At NBX, you can deposit the following currencies: NOK, SEK, DKK, or EUR. Or you can deposit other cryptocurrencies.

Placing an order: To buy or sell Bitcoin, you must place an order on the exchange. This involves specifying the amount of Bitcoin you want to buy or sell, and the price you're willing to pay or accept.

Order matching: The exchange matches buy and sell orders from different customers based on their prices and the amount of Bitcoin they want to buy or sell. Once a buy and sell order matches, the trade is executed, and the Bitcoin is transferred from the seller's account to the buyer's account.

Order book and price charts: Cryptocurrency exchanges display a public order book that shows all the buy and sell orders on the exchange, as well as price charts that display historical price data.

Fees: Trading on a cryptocurrency exchange usually incurs a small fee, which varies from exchange to exchange.

Over-the-Counter (OTC) Trading:

OTC trading, short for "over-the-counter" trading, is a method of buying and selling Bitcoin, including other cryptocurrencies, with personalized service provided by either broker, dealer, or cryptocurrency exchanges. OTC trading is typically used for large-volume transactions, and it is often used by institutional investors, such as hedge funds and high-net-worth individuals, who require a high level of liquidity or perhaps privacy in their trades. In OTC trading, brokers, dealers, or a cryptocurrency exchange will act as intermediaries between buyers and sellers, facilitating the transaction and providing market analysis and support.

NBX offers over-the-counter (OTC) services to its clients. With NBX's OTC desk, clients can buy and sell large volumes of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies with competitive pricing and personalized service. The OTC desk is staffed by a team who provides clients with market analysis and support throughout the trading process. By using NBX's OTC services, clients can benefit from fast execution, secure settlement, and access to a wide range of cryptocurrencies. You will find more information about our OTC services here.

Trading Strategies

Choosing a trading strategy is an essential part of trading Bitcoin, as it can help you make more informed trading decisions and manage your risks, help you identify trading opportunities based on market conditions, technical analysis, and other factors. For example, a strategy might involve looking for specific chart patterns, such as bullish or bearish trends, to determine when to enter or exit a trade. A trading strategy also provides a framework for making trading decisions, which can help you avoid impulsive or emotional trades. By following a set of rules or guidelines, you can avoid making decisions based on fear or greed, which can harm your trading performance. 

Overall, having a trading strategy can help you approach trading Bitcoin in a more systematic and disciplined way, which can lead to better results over the long term. However, it's important to remember that no trading strategy can guarantee profits or eliminate all risks, and it's essential to do your research and stay informed about market conditions when trading Bitcoin. Several different trading strategies can be used for trading Bitcoin, depending on a trader's goals, risk tolerance, and trading style. Here are a few common strategies:

Trend following: This strategy involves identifying and following the current trend in the market and buying or selling Bitcoin based on the direction of the trend. Traders may use technical indicators, such as moving averages or trend lines, to identify trends and determine entry and exit points.

Breakout trading: This strategy involves entering a trade when the price of Bitcoin breaks through a significant level of support or resistance. Traders may use technical analysis to identify these levels and place entry and exit orders accordingly.

Scalping: This strategy involves making multiple small trades over a short period to profit from small price movements. Traders may use technical indicators, such as oscillators or momentum indicators, to identify short-term trends and make quick trades based on those trends.

Arbitrage: This strategy involves taking advantage of price differences between different exchanges or markets. Traders may buy Bitcoin on one exchange where it is cheaper, and sell it on another exchange where it is more expensive to profit from the price difference.

HODLing: This strategy involves buying and holding Bitcoin for the long term, with the expectation that the price will increase over time. This strategy requires patience and a long-term view, and may not be suitable for traders who prefer more active trading.

Risks and Considerations

Trading Bitcoin involves risks, and it is essential to understand the potential drawbacks before investing. Bitcoin prices are highly volatile, so they fluctuate rapidly and unpredictably. This can make it difficult to predict price movements accurately and result in significant losses for traders.

The regulatory environment for Bitcoin is still evolving, and changes in regulations can have a significant impact on the market. For example, new regulations may restrict trading activity or make it more difficult to buy or sell Bitcoin. The liquidity of the Bitcoin market can also be limited, especially in smaller exchanges or during periods of high volatility. This can make it difficult to buy or sell Bitcoin at a desired price, or result in slippage, where the price of a trade differs from the intended price. 

Storing Bitcoin safely is an essential consideration for anyone who owns Bitcoin. Use a reputable crypto exchange and wallet, enable two-factor authentication (2FA), and use strong passwords. By following these tips, you can help reduce the risk of losing your Bitcoin due to theft or other security issues.


Bitcoin trading can be a lucrative way to invest in the cryptocurrency market. Whether through peer-to-peer trading, exchanges, or over-the-counter trading, there are many ways to trade Bitcoin. However, it is crucial to understand the risks and considerations before investing and to develop a solid trading strategy. By doing so, investors can maximize their potential. 

This text is intended to inform and is not an investment recommendation.

Eva Liberg
February 27, 2023
6 min
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